Why is Civil Engineering Known as the Mother of all Engineering?

The term “engineering” can be traced back to 1390, but engineering has always been the essence of mankind. Before the term engineering was created, the oldest civilizations established the concept of engineering by creating fundamental inventions out of necessity to survive, such as weapons to hunt and modifying caves to live in.

The term “engineering” comes from the word “engineer” and is defined by Merriam-Webster as “the activities or function of an engineer.” In today’s society, engineers continue to use the principles of engineering from early ages as a foundation to continue innovating and developing new technologies. Engineers’ creativity has helped shaped civil engineering in today’s society by adopting and finding solutions to new and old problems that could affect our everyday lives.

Civil engineering is called the mother of all engineering branches because it is the most versatile branch. In addition, civil engineering is one of the first branches of engineering developed by mankind and it acts as a platform to other forms of engineering. Civil engineering covers multiple services such as environmental, geotechnical, roadway design, wastewater treatment, water supply, and much more.

KC’s civil engineering services include site grading, drainage, and earthwork; pavement evaluation and design; soil erosion and sediment control plans; drainage structures design; utilities engineering, including water and sewer systems; stormwater management; roadway and site lighting; civil site plans, subdivisions, and site layouts; parking lot design; and permitting, cost estimation, and specifications. Our civil engineering group provides these services for roadway and highway projects, as well as residential, commercial, industrial, institutional, and mixed-use projects. To learn more about KC’s services, please visit our Services tab.


South Street Pump Station Emergency Generator Replacement Project

The Village of Suffern owns and operates a pump station, located on South Street, as part of the sanitary sewer collection system. This pump station is the largest within the collection system and serves as the primary pump station. The pump station is located within the floodway of the floodplain, and received significant damage during Hurricane Irene, which also had a direct impact on the emergency generator.

KC was responsible for providing engineering consulting services for the project, which included performing site and existing condition investigations and preparing design documents, specifications, and the engineering cost estimate. KC also provided bid phase services, including preparation of bid and contract documents.

The scope of construction work included removal of the existing generator, all associated accessories, and the transfer switch; installation of a 150-kilowatt (kW) generator and automatic transfer switch; reconnection of the new generator to the existing control panels; and installation of all wiring, conduit, and appurtenances to and from the new generator to provide a complete and functional backup power generation system.

Adirondack Welcome Center

As part of a Regional Design Services Agreement (RDSA), this project served to construct a new I-87 northbound welcome center in West Glens Falls. The new facility replaced an existing rest area in excess of 25 years old. The new Adirondack Welcome Center included construction of a new building with parking lot and boat inspection areas, lighting, a new septic system, waterline work, and utility upgrades.

As subconsultant, KC was responsible for assisting New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) with reviewing and reapplying for New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) State Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (SPDES), water connection system, and septic system permitting.

KC also provided detailed design for water supply, wastewater septic, and stormwater systems; design survey and mapping for confirmation of existing infrastructure; preliminary building and site construction cost estimating; and existing utilities identification and coordination. KC also developed site drainage, sanitary system, and grading design alternatives; identified existing drainage basins to determine the impact of proposed construction on erosion and sedimentation; developed the Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP); and prepared cross sections to outline existing ground and proposed roadway surfaces.